In the spring of 2017, a cultural and historic resource survey of eighty-one properties in Saluda, Virginia was conducted for the beneft of the Middlesex County Museum & Historical Society.
A cultural and historic resource survey is intended to identify and document historic resources within a specifc area or district, and often involves an assessment of historic integrity and signifcance.
Cultural resource surveys also help in deciding whether or not a district is eligible for a nomination to and inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places (N.R.H.P.).The Saluda District (hereinafter referred to as the District) is best described as the region of land concentrated around the intersection of General Puller Highway (U.S. Route 33), Gloucester Road (U.S. Route 17 Business), School Street (U.S. Route 17 Business), and Oakes Landing Road in an unusual shape and comprising all lots, tracts, and parcels of land fronting or otherwise bound by: General Puller Highway from the aforementioned intersection eastward to (and including) 1303 General Puller Highway (T.M.P. 26-115) and 1204 General Puller Highway (T.M.P. 26-150) to the north and south of General Puller Highway, respectively; Gloucester Road from the aforemen-tioned intersection southward to (and including) 624 Gloucester Road (T.M.P. 26B-1-44) and 629 Gloucester Road (T.M.P. 26B-1-36) to the east and west of Glouces-ter Road, respectively; School Street from the aforementioned intersection westward to (and including) 527 School Street (T.M.P. 26B-1-11) and 454 School Street (T.M.P. 26B-1-16) to the north and south, respectively; and Oakes Landing Road from the aforementioned intersection northward (along its western side only) to (and including) 159 Oakes Landing Road (T.M.P. 26B-1-85). These boundaries also encompass those lots, tracts, or parcels of land not directly bounded by the four aforementioned roads, streets, and highways, but are still otherwise contiguous with the previously-described land, and include: 46 New Street (T.M.P. 26B-1-76), T.M.P. 26B-1-52A, 868 Gloucester Road (T.M.P. 26B-1-49), T.M.P. 26B-1-31, 829 Gloucester Road (T.M.P. 26B-1-28A), T.M.P. 26B-1-24A, T.M.P. 26B-1-29, and T.M.P. 26B-1-17A.
The buildings in this low and medium-density residential, commercial, and governmental district range in nature from modest single-family residences to medium-sized government facilities.
Saluda has also served as the seat of government for Middlesex County since 1849 (Na-tional Register of Historic Places, 1991).
In the effort to complete this cultural resource survey, field research was conducted over the course of several weeks. This field research was intended to gather important data pertaining to the district, which was soon afterwards compiled and analyzed in Microsoft Excel. Coupled with this data was extensive archival and historical research (conducted largely by local author and reporter Larry Chowning) that was used to de-termine the historic integrity of the District. Through an in-depth evaluation of the prepared data, architecture, age, condition, and use, cultural and historic trends were identifed and examined.
Using these trends, in addition to all of the prepared data, it was decided that the District should be nominated as a district to the N.R.H.P. The majority of the buildings located therein (57.05%) were evaluated as having already been nominated to the N.R.H.P., being individually eligible for nomination to the N.R.H.P., contributing, or borderline contributing, and were in excellent, good, or fair condition (98.4%). Only 42.95% were classifed as being either borderline non-contributing or non-contributing and in poor condition (1.6%).
As such, the borderline non-contributing and non-contributing buildings would not hinder the eforts of a district nomination to the N.R.H.P. With as many of the buildings in excellent, good, or fair condition, no extensive repairs or improvements would be expected prior to a district nomination to the N.R.H.P.
There is one property within the Saluda District that is currently listed on the N.R.H.P., and six properties that might be considered as individually eligible. These six properties were designated as such because they feature buildings and structures that stand out from the rest of the district due to combinations of their age, construction, use, style, or afliations with signifcant persons or events.
Within the district, they are signifcant in their own right, and are consequently recommended as being the most eligible properties for a successful nomination to the N.R.H.P.
Click HERE to download and read the full report.